March 18, 2017

How to Read the Break and Grain in Grass

When you observe and evaluate a golf green that you’re going to play, it's vital to study the break and the grain of the course. On extremely grainy greens reading a putt can be twice as hard. The grain on the grass can reduce the length of a 3 foot putt up to four or five inches. Remember, the break is the amount a putt moves from right to left, or left to right, on a green. The grass of the course can affect the ball’s break. The grain of grass refers to when grass grows in a particular direction. This is why observing the grain and taking it's direction into account is so important.

When playing greens with a lot of grain remember that the grain of the grass will follow the sun. If you are uncertain as to which way a putt will break on grainy greens look into the sky and wherever the sun is know that the putt will be influenced in that direction.

The slope, topographical features such as water and mountains, the grain of the grass, and (perhaps most important) how hard you hit the ball, will dictate the break.

Look for the natural slope of the terrain:

  • If there are mountains nearby, finding the natural slope is easy. The slope on every green is going to be “from” the mountain (unless, of course, a particularly humorless architect has decided to bank some holes toward the mountain).

  • If the course is relatively flat, go find the pro or course superintendent, and ask about the area’s lowest point. This point can be 5 kilometers away or 20 — it doesn’t matter. Find out where that point is and take advantage of gravity.
  • Once you know the lowest point, look at each green in detail. If you’re on an older course, because of drainage the greens probably slope from back to front. Greens nowadays have more humps and undulations than ever and are surrounded by more bunkers. And the sand tells a tale: Most courses are designed so that water runs past a bunker and not into it. Take that insight into account when you line up a putt.

    Putts downgrain (in the same direction the grass is growing) will go faster than putts into the grain (in the opposite direction from the grass growth). The grain of a course will have an effect on where you have to aim a putt.

    Examine the cup to find out which way the grass is growing. You may see a ragged half and a smooth, or sharp, half on the lip of the cup — that shows the direction in which the grass is growing. The ragged look is caused by the grass’s tendency to grow and fray. If you can’t tell either way, go to the fringe (the edge of the green). The grass on the fringe is longer, so you can usually see the direction of the grain right away.

    Generally speaking, an architect will try to use the thinnest possible blade when dealing with grasses, and, given the climate, he/she will try to get that grass to grow straight up to eliminate grain.

    Leave a comment

    Comments will be approved before showing up.

    Also in Golf Tips

    The Three Foundations of Putting
    The Three Foundations of Putting

    January 24, 2020

    Reaching the putting green should be a time that is celebrated. After all, the green is technically the simplest part of the course. It’s a clean, smooth surface with no bunkers, or rough, and no out of bounds. The target is right there, all you have to do is put the ball in the hole.

    Continue Reading

    What is the Difference Between Golf Wedges
    What is the Difference Between Golf Wedges

    February 01, 2019

    Wrapping your head around the differences between golf wedges can be difficult, especially if you’re new to the game. What is each golf wedge used for, and at what point do you know which wedge to reach for?

    Continue Reading

    PnP Golf Tip - Mastering Your Nerves on the Putting Green
    PnP Golf Tip - Mastering Your Nerves on the Putting Green

    December 22, 2017

    As we all know, once we reach the putting green, the stakes can be high and nerves can be a golfers worst enemy. Below are a couple of tips to help you keep calm and composed, which in turn will immensely help your game.

    Continue Reading

    ★ Player Reviews

    Let customers speak for us

    231 reviews
    P'n'P Lob wedge and Sand wedge review

    I have been using my new wedges for the past two and a half weeks and they are so good it's scary! I have already become confident in my use of the clubs because they have got me out of some very awkward situations but all I had to do was trust my swing and the ability of the clubs to do the job. They compliment the other clubs in my bag really well!
    Thank you for these two magic assets!
    Jeff Reuter



    Now I can Putt

    3 weeks ago I received my PNP putter. I am still getting used to it & need to practice more, but the arrow definitely helps!

    Purchase of Rake Gap Wedge

    Upon receipt of my Rake Gap Wedge, I was impressed by the look of the club. I liked the white shaft and the design of the wedge.
    The wedge weight felt comfortable and looked impressive when placed behind the ball. I felt confident in hitting shots which helped getting the ball closer to the hole. I am now considering replacing my current wedges ((60) and (56) for the PnP wedges.

    Site line combo

    Having just purchased the combo I tried them in my local comp with no practice at all. The chipper iny first game was used from max distance, 80m out. I was between 2 trees with some canopy hanging down. This was my 3rd shot to a par 5 and it ended up on the green edge. Using the new putter I finished with a par. Not bad for first day. 2 holes later on par 3, 2nd shot was just off the back of the green and with my now trusty new putter it went in
    from about 6 metres for par. I have played 3 rounds since and I don't know how I got along without them. Extremely happy with my purchase and have since last thu I parted the first 4 holes of my local course and came 3rd in the daily comp with net 3 under par/HCP 23. Great gear. Many thanks. Gordon Cox.